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Geschreven door >mail2conf op Mon, 1 Sep 1997 07:52:24 met als onderwerp: Nieuws over Cassini

From: "H.Deelman-Volker, WILPF NL"
Subject: Nieuws over Cassini

Mijn eerste bericht, met verzoek om adhesie, is niet zo zonnig.

De Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
probeert zoveel mogelijk bekendheid te geven aan een verontrustend
plan van de NASA en vraagt hiertegen te ageren. Het gaat om het
volgende:
Het ruimtevaart bureau van de Amerikaanse regering NASA bereid een
vlucht voor naar Saturnus, lancering op 6 oktober 1997. De naam van
de vlucht is Cassini, het uiteindelijk doel Saturnus. Er wordt zeer
veel plutonium aan boord genomen (72.3 pounds). Eerst wordt rond
Venus gevlogen, daarna in augustus 1999 terug richting aarde om
genoeg 'momentum' te winnen voor de reis naar Saturnus. Dit heeft te
maken met de zwaartekracht. De raket die gebruikt wordt is de
Lockheed Martin Titan IV. Sinds 1961 heeft deze raket 24 missies
uitgevoerd, geladen met kernstof, waarvan er 3 in een ongeluk
eindigden. Samen met vele anderen vindt de WILPF dit een veel te ge-
vaarlijk experiment. En dat met plutonium, waarvan de halfwaarde-tijd
24,000 jaar is. Binnen een aantal jaren kunnen er zonnecel-panelen
ontwikkeld zijn. Hierop zou gewacht kunnen worden. Trouwens het
blijft de vraag of het geld niet beter besteed kan worden.
Meer (technische) gegevens zijn te vinden in het standpunt van WILPF:
'International Women's League opposes plutonium
load on U.S. space probe.'
Dit WILPF-standpunt is staat hieronder.

Neem actie! en laat ons weten wat je er van vindt.
Hanna

*******************************************************
Date: Tue, 19 Aug 1997 12:32:49 +0800
From: womensleague@gn.apc.org (WILPF)
Message-Id:
Sender: owner-wilpf-news@igc.org
Subject: WILPF Nwes Release on Cassini
To: wilpf-news@igc.apc.org

For Immediate Release Contact: WILPF's
International
office in
Geneva

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN's LEAGUE OPPOSES PLUTONIUM LOAD ON U.S. SPACE PROBE

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) demands
the
cancellation of the Cassini Space Probe due to be launched October 6,
1997
from Florida, USA. Cassini is a space probe bound for Saturn with
72.3 pounds of plutonium on board. However, Cassini is not going
directly
to Saturn but will do a "fly-by" maneuver. In August 1999, after flying
around Venus, the probe will fly back towards Earth to literally gain
momentum for the journey to Saturn by bouncing off Earth's gravity, 312
miles
above the planet. The track record of the rocket that will transport
Cassini, the Titan IV is not good; in 1993 a Titan IV blew up soon after
take-off, carrying a one billion dollar spy satellite along with it.

WILPF's International President, Edith Ballantyne stated, "Since 1961,
24
nuclear-laden missions have resulted in 3 accident. The amount of
nuclear
material proposed for Cassini is the largest amount ever to be taken
into space. When you take into consideration the millions of space
miles
the probe will have already done, we and many other citizens
organizations
are legitmately concerned that any mishaps in the fly-by will mean the
release of vapor and particles of plutonium."

According to NASA's own Environmental Impace Statement, "If inadvertant
re-entry occured during the fly-by, approximately 5 billion of the 7-8
billion people on Earth could receive 99% of the radioactive exposure."
According to the 1967 Out Space Treaty, the launching state is liable
for
damages to persons or property resuling from its space activities.

Ms. Ballantyne commented, "But how could such a disaster be compensated?
The cancer epidemic, the contamination of the Earth itself, the water
and the vegetation would be irreparable as plutonium, with a half-life
of
24,000 years is the most deadly substance known to the human race. The
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom believes that NASA
and
the U.S. government should not endanger the lives of millions when
alternatives exist. We have learned over the past weeks that during
tests,
engineers observed some liquid oxygen leakage in the thrust section of
the
rocket. The dangers just seem to multiply the more we learn of this
mission
which has mostly been kept secret."

European Space Agency (ESA) physicist, Carla Signorini, stated early
this
year that ESA could develop panels in 5 years if they had the financial
resources. On Monday, June 23, 1997 Dr. Gerhard Strobl stated on
German
television that his company Angewandte Solarenergie has developed high-
efficiency cells for the European Space Agency that could be used to
power
the Cassini mission.

Despite the Cassini story winning an award for being in the top 10 most
under-reported stories in the United States for 1997, the movement
against
Cassini is growing all over the world. The intention of the outcry is
to
permanently cancel the Cassini space probe until the solar option can be
sophisticated enough for the journey.

Ms. Ballantyne concluded, "WILPF and other citizens organizations are
not
necessarily against the exploration of space although the money could be
better spent on Earth. We are, however, certainly against the dangers
of this particular endeavor."


* * * *

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom was
founded in 1915. Throughout its history its purpose has
been to work for the achievement by peaceful means of those
political, economic, social and psychological conditions
which can assure peace, freedom and justice for all. WILPF
has sections in 43 countries around the world.

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
International Secretariat
1, rue de Varemb=E9
C.P. 28
1211 Geneva 20
Tel: +41 22 733 61 75
Fax: +41 22 740 63 10

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